በጾረና፣ ባድመና ዛላንበሳ ግምባር የኢትዮጵያና የኤርትራ ወታደሮች ተፋጠዋል | የቦምብ ፍንዳታ ተሰምቷል

በጾረና ግምባር በኩል የኢትዮጵያና የኤርትራ ወታደሮች በብዛት እየሰፈሩ መሆኑ ተሰማ:: ከትናንት በስቲያ ምሽት ጀምሮ ሲካሄድ በቆየው የሁለቱ ሃገራት ግጭት ከፍተኛ የተኩስ ልውውጥ የተደረገበትና አብዛኛውም ጊዜ በስለላ ላይ ያተኮረ ግጭት እንደነበር

ሞርታር እና አርፒጂን የተሰኙ በጦርነት ላይ በጣም ከባድ የማይባሉ መሳሪያዎች በዚህ የሁለቱ ሃገራት ግጭት ላይ በጥቅም ላይ እንደዋለ የደረሰን መረጃ ሲያስረዳ ዓዲ መስገነን; አሃራንንና ቁኒቁንቶን በተሰኙ ቦታዎች ከትናንት ጀምሮ የተኩስ ልውውጥና ግጭቱ እንደተካረረ ምንጮች ገልጸዋል::

ወታደራዊ ምንጮች እንደሚሉት ሁለቱም ሃገራት በአሁኑ ወቅት ጦራቸውን ወደ ድንበሮቹ አስጠግጠዋል:: ማምሻውን የኤርትራ ማስታወቂያ ሚኒስተር ባወጣው ባለ 6 መስመር አጭር መግለጫው የሕወሓት መንግስት በጾረና በኩል ወረራና ጥቃት ፈጽሞብኛል ሲል ከሷል::

ከትግራይ ክልል  መረዳት እንደተቻለው በኢትዮጵያና በኤርትራ ወታደሮች መካከል የተኩስ ልውውጥ የተሰማው በጾረና በኩል ብቻ ሳይሆን በባድመ እና በዛላንበሳ ግንባሮችም ጭምር ነው:: በተለይም በባድመና በዛላምበሳ የቦምብ ድምጾች ሁሉ ይሰሙ እንደነበር ምንጮቹ አስረድተውናል::

ኤርትራ የኢትዮጵያ መንግስት በጾረና በኩል ወረረኝ ስትል ብትከስም በሌላ በኩል የኢትዮጵያ መንግስትም ቢሆን በአንጻሩ የኤርትራ መንግስት በተለያዩ ድንበሮች በኩል እየተነኮሰኝ ነው ሲል መቆየቱ ይታወሳል::

ትናንት ማምሻውን በትግራይ ክልል የተለያዩ ከተሞች የኢትዮጵያ መከላከያ ሠራዊት የተለያዩ ከባድ መሳሪያዎችን ሲያጓጉዝ እንደነበር የተመለከ ገልጸዋል::

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Ethiopia: T-TPLF Criminals Nabbed in America Selling Unregistered Bonds! ( Al Mariam)

By Prof.  Alemayehu G Mariam

Author’s Note to the Reader: Last week, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission announced an agreement in which the Thugtatorship of the Tigrean People’s Liberation Front (T-TPLF), the ruling regime in Ethiopia,  agreed to pay some USD$6.5 million dollars in “disgorgement” (a legal act by which someone who has obtained profits or something of value by illegal or unethical acts is forced to return the ill-gotten gains to the rightful owner) for selling unregistered bonds over a period of 4 years. The SEC announcement is an extraordinary legal development.

12This commentary may appear to be a bit technical and infused with legalese (legal speak) for some readers.

But the substance of the discussion is not technical at all. It is a simple story of a massive fraud perpetrated by the T-TPLF  against Diaspora Ethiopians in the United States of America.

It is a story of how the T-TPLF used the pretext of  raising funds for the so-called Renaissance Dam to effectively extort and bleed its Diaspora Ethiopian supporters and others seeking its good favors in the U.S.

It is a story of how the T-TPLF conducted a 4-year shakedown of Diaspora Ethiopians in the U.S. by disguising a protection racket in a bond sale program.

Fraud and corruption are a way of life for the T-TPLF criminal enterprise.

Indeed, fraud and corruption are the hemoglobin and plasma in the T-TPLF body politic.

Ethiopia under the T-TPLF is the only country in the world for which the World Bank has prepared a massive 448-page corruption study entitled,  Diagnosing Corruption in Ethiopia.

The real story of the T-TPLF conspiracy to defraud and victimize Diaspora Ethiopians is yet to be told.

The action by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission announced on June 8, 2016 is only the tip of the iceberg of T-TPLF criminality in the U.S.

For nearly four years, I have spoken publicly and written in my Monday Commentaries  that the so-called Renaissance Dam Bonds are worthless securities and a bogus creation of  T-TPLF scammers and con artists to scalp Diaspora Ethiopians and fill their pockets and off shore accounts.

I feel fully vindicated in the SEC Order that my warnings a little over 3 years ago came true precisely as I predicted.

While I would have been more pleased if the T-TPLF had refrained from committing crimes in the U.S., (and there is absolutely no question whatsoever that selling unregistered bonds in the U.S. is a crime, See  “Securities Act of 1933”, sec. 20 (b)), the fact that the T-TPLF was caught with their hands in the cookie jar and held accountable for their criminal activities gives me infinite pleasure.

I have made a number of predictions about the T-TPLF over the years.  I believe quite a few of them have come to pass.

I will now predict that the T-TPLF will be held to account for all its high crimes, crimes against humanity and misdemeanors it committed in Ethiopia.

When?

Ask the T-TPLF. They know!

But…

I told them so!!!

I told them!

I told the T-TPLF ignoramuses not to do it!

I told the T-TPLF criminals not to sell unregistered bond in the U.S.A. (A “bond” is a debt investment in which an investor usually loans money to a governmental entity  which borrows the funds for a defined period of time at a variable or fixed interest rate for a specific purpose such as a public project.)

I even told the T-TPLF criminals how to do it right; to do it legally; to do it with respect to American laws and the U.S. Constitution.

I did! I did!!  I did!!!

But the TPLF thugs kept on selling unregistered securities in the U.S. just like the Mafiosi keep on doing extortion, loansharking and racketeering with knowledge the criminal nature of those acts.

Why did the T-TPLF kept on selling illegal unregistered securities in the U.S. after they were publicly warned what they were doing is without a doubt criminal?

The answer is simple:

The TPLF thugs for over two decades have been getting away with murders and massacres.

The TPLF thugs for over two decades have been getting away stealing elections. Last year, they claimed to have won 100 percent of the votes. Yes, 100 percent!

The TPLF thugs have been getting away for over two decades stealing billions of dollars and stashing it in off shore banks and investments abroad. (According to Global Financial Integrity (GFI),  “Ethiopia, which has a per-capita GDP of just US$365, lost US$11.7 billion to illicit financial outflows between 2000 and 2009.”)

The TPLF thugs for over two decades have been getting away stealing and converting U.S. aid to strengthen their “apparatus of control” as Human Rights Watch documented in its report, “One Hundred Ways of Putting Pressure: Violations of Freedom of Expression and Association in Ethiopia.”

The TPLF thugs for over two decades have been getting away committing all types of crimes inside Ethiopia and flouting the rule of law using their monkey courts and parliaments.

The TPLF thugs for over two decades have been getting away with monumental crimes against humanity as they massacred hundreds of thousands of innocent Ethiopians.

The TPLF thugs for over two decades have been getting away with one crime after another, confident in their belief that there is nothing under the sun that could hold them accountable, including the U.S. Government.

TPLF thugs came to America and sneered  at American laws and kept on selling unregistered securities, and thought they would get away with it.

The TPLF thugs came to America and fleered at the U.S. Constitution and kept on selling unregistered securities, and thought they would get away with it.

The TPLF thugs came to America and though they could profiteer flouting American state laws and constitutions, and thought they would get away with it.

The T-TPLF kept on selling unregistered securities in the U.S. for years because they believed they could get away with it.

In the end, the T-TPLF thugs learned a hard lesson. The United States of America is not Ethiopia, and the T-TPLF is not Wall Street!

There is a price to be paid in America for racketeering in bogus bonds.

I warned the T-TPLF NOT to do it on May 6, 2013

On May 6, 2013, in my commentary, “Shadowboxing Smoke and Mirrors”, I told the T-TPLF, a terrorist organization listed  in the Global Terrorism Data Base, that selling unregistered securities in the United States is a crime and they should stop committing crimes in the U.S.:

Criminal violations in selling unregistered securities in the U.S.

There have been questions raised about the legality of the sale of Meles Dam bonds as “securities” in the U.S.  Under federal and most state laws, a “security” is broadly defined and includes stocks, bonds, debt and equity securities, notes, investment contracts, etc. Unless exempted, all securities must be registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and/or relevant state agencies prior to selling or offering for sale to the public.

A security which does not have an effective registration statement on file with the SEC and/or the relevant state agency is considered an unregistered security. Buying or selling  unregistered securities is a crime under federal and state laws.

The SEC can prosecute issuers and sellers of unregistered securities under section 20(b) of the Securities Act of 1933 (which regulates original issuers) and seek injunctions if the Securities Act has been violated, or if a violation is imminent. Section 8A also allows the SEC to issue orders to issuers of unregistered securities to cease and desist and seek civil penalties under Section 20(d) if an issuer violated the Securities Act, an SEC rule, or a cease-and-desist order.

Like most states, California Corporations Code sections 25110-25118 set strict guidelines for any securities sold in that state. Any person or entity who willfully sells or transports unregistered securities through interstate commerce or buys such securities could face serious criminal liabilities under California Corporations Code section 25540, subd. (a) with penalties of incarceration for up to three years and a fine up to $1 million. California prosecutors, like their federal counterparts, could also seek injunctive relief and civil penalties.

There are a few limited exemptions to the registration requirement. One of them is an exemption “for certain foreign government securities brokers or dealers”.

Pursuant to 17 CFR 401.9, “A government securities broker or dealer (excluding a branch or agency of a foreign bank) that is a non-U.S. resident shall be exempt from the provisions of sections 15 C(a), (b), and (d) of  the Act (15 U.S.C. 78o–5(a), (b) and (d)) and the regulations of this subchapter provided it complies with the provisions of 17 CFR 240.15a–6…” In other words, the bond “brokers and dealers” sent to the U.S. to sell the Meles Dam bonds must meet the multifarious requirements of  federal securities law and other regulatory requirements including full disclosure, proof of maintenance of required books and records relating to the bond issues and written consent to service of process for any civil action arising from disputes in bond related transactions. It is highly unlikely that the “brokers and dealers” selling the Meles Dam bonds in the United States qualify under 17 CFR 240.15a–6 and 15 U.S.C. 78o–5(a).

On June 8, 2016, an announcement  by Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)fully vindicated my warnings of May 8, 2013.

The SEC announcement stated:

Ethiopia’s electric utility has agreed to pay nearly $6.5 million to settle charges that it violated U.S. securities laws by failing to register bonds it offered and sold to U.S residents of Ethiopian descent.

According to the SEC’s order:

Ethiopian Electric Power (EEP) conducted the unregistered bond offering to help finance the construction of a hydroelectric dam on the Abay River in Ethiopia.

EEP held a series of public road shows in major cities across the U.S. and marketed the bonds on the website of the U.S. Embassy of Ethiopia as well as through radio and television advertising aimed at Ethiopians living in the U.S.

EEP raised approximately $5.8 million from more than 3,100 U.S. residents from 2011 to 2014 without ever registering the bond offering with the SEC.

The settled findings in the SEC Order specify,

the EPP offered unregistered bonds to U.S. residents of Ethiopian origin to help finance construction of a hydroelectric dam in Ethiopia. The bonds were offered  in the U.S. through television and radio advertisements targeted at the Ethiopian diaspora community. Bonds were offered for sale through the website of the Embassy of Ethiopia in Washington, D.C., which also sponsored events to promote bond sales. EEP did not register its bond offering with the Commission, and there was no available exemption from the requirement that the offering be registered. EEP’s unregistered offer and sale of securities in the U.S. violated Sections 5(a) and 5(c) of the Securities Act.

Section 5(a)  provides it is unlawful for any person to sell securities in interstate commerce by any means without a registration statement or to transport securities for sale delivery after sale without prior registration.

Section 5(c) provides  it is unlawful for any person to sell or offer to buy  any security,unless a registration statement has been filed or while the registration statement is the subject of a refusal order or stop order or other legal challenge.

(See also 15 U.S. Code sec. 77e)

The principal purpose of the SEC Order is to “ensure that investors get all of their money back plus interest.”

The sleazy details of the T-TPLF’s “roadshow” to sell unregistered bonds

The SEC Order “Instituting Cease and Desist Proceedings Pursuant to Section 8A of the Securities Act of 1933” provides the sleazy details of what the SEC called a “roadshow” to sell unregistered bonds.

According to the SEC, the EEP began selling unregistered bonds for a hydroelectric dam in 2011 and continued to do so until 2014. The Bonds had maturity dates ranging from 5-10 years, with LIBOR (London Interbank Offered Rate) of 1.25% (for a 5-year maturity date) to 2.0% (for an 8-10 year maturity date).

From 2011 through 2014, EEP conducted marketing of unregistered securities in the U.S. using the “Ethiopian Embassy” website, “Embassy”-sponsored events,  radio and television advertisements targeted at the Ethiopian diaspora community in the U.S. and in a series of public “road shows” sponsored by the “Embassy” throughout the U.S. including the following:

Date of Road Show              Road show Location          Funds Raised/ Pledged  

August 2011                                      Denver, CO                                 $130,000
June 2012                                         Washington, DC                         $1,500,000
June 2012                                         Chicago, IL                                  $110,000
April 2013                                         San Diego, CA                             $43,000
April 2013                                         Houston, TX                                $50,000
May 2013                                           New York, NY                             $100,000

(*** It is interesting that the SEC should describe the T-TPLF sale of unregistered securities as a “road show” because that  phrase is normally reserved to describe “mass marketing fraud” usually involving fictitious unregistered bonds.***)

According to the SEC

more than 3,100 U.S. residents purchased Bonds in denominations of $5 to $10,000, for total investments per investor ranging from $50 to $1 million. In aggregate, U.S. purchasers invested approximately $5.8 million in the Bonds. Most of the investors—64%— reported that they were U.S. citizens.

The T-TPLF undertaking—What the T-TPLF MUST do under the SEC Order

The T-TPLF has agreed to the following conditions and sanctions imposed by the SEC.

EEP shall cease and desist from committing or causing any violations and any future violations of Section 5 of the Securities Act.

EEP shall pay a total of $6,448,854.87 consisting of disgorgement of $5,847,804 and prejudgment interest of $601,050.87.

No later than July 8, 2016, the EEP shall deposit the full amount of $601,050.87   into an escrow account at a U.S. financial institution and shall provide the Commission staff with evidence of such deposit to the SEC.

There shall be an independent third party administrator  to carry out the tasks of administering the distribution payments to Bondholders.  The costs and expenses of administering the distribution payments to Bondholders  shall be borne by EEP.

No later than August 8, 2016, the Administrator shall submit a proposed distribution allocation  to the Commission staff for review and approval. The proposed Distribution Payment File will include, to the extent available and reasonably ascertainable, (a) the name and contact information for each Bondholder; (b) the exact amount of the payment to be made to each Bondholder; and (c) a description of how the payment amount to each Bondholder was calculated.

The distribution of payments to Bondholders shall be made no later than June 8, 2017.

If the Administrator is unable to distribute any portion of the payments due to inability to locate an affected Bondholder or beneficiary,  the Administrator shall transfer any such undistributed funds to the Commission for transmittal to the United States Treasury.

The BIG unanswered questions in the SEC Order

Questions Set #1:

According to the SEC, “EEP shall pay a total of $6,448,854.87 consisting of disgorgement of $5,847,804 and prejudgment interest of $601,050.87.” This figure appears to be a tiny fraction of the money officially claimed to have been gathered by T-TPLF officials.

According to statements  of T-TPLF officials on March 16, 2016:

Of the total finance mobilized for the project, much of the figure, about 6.96 billion Birr or 377.52 Million USD was generated from domestic sources while about 0.6 billion Birr and 0.092 Million Birr were obtained from Diaspora community and donations respectively.

Even after factoring Ethiopian Diaspora contributions from various countries, it seems Diaspora Ethiopians in the U.S. were by far the largest purchasers of Renaissance Dam Bonds.  It seems that 0.6 billion Ethiopian Birr would have a conversion value of approximately USD$28 million. What percentage of the total Diaspora bond purchases came from Diaspora Ethiopians in the U.S.?  One can reasonably infer from official T-TPLF statements that the share of bond purchases by Diaspora Ethiopians is far greater, possibly two to three times more than the amount the T-TPLF settled for in the SEC Order. By agreeing to settle for nearly USD$6.5 million, did the T-TPLF get away like a robber even after it was caught like a robber?

What proof is there showing that the money collected  from Diaspora Ethiopians actually went to the so-called Dam project instead of T-TPLF pockets?

Questions Set #2:

Why did the T-TPLF continue to sell unregistered bonds for at least 4 years and particularly after they were informed by in clear and unambiguous terms that they were committing a crime? Did the T-TPLF do minimal due diligence before selling unregistered securities in the U.S.? Did the T-TPLF seek legal counsel or advice in the U.S. when it launched its unregistered bond sales in the U.S.?

Was the T-TPLF represented by legal counsel in its sale of unregistered bonds prior to the SEC action? If the T-TPLF did not seek legal counsel in the U.S., why did it fail to do so?

The T-TPLF has paid USD$50 thousand per month to the law firm of D L A Piper to defeat legislation aimed at ensuring human rights in Ethiopia. Why did it fail to seek legal counsel in its efforts is to sell bonds in the U.S.? (***In a memo sent to congressional offices, DLA Piper, “representing Ethiopia”, argued, “The terms ‘political prisoners’ and ‘prisoners of conscience’ are undefined and mischaracterize the situation in Ethiopia,” and should be removed from a bill that condemned the Ethiopian regime for detaining opposition activists.***)

The official “Great Millennium Dam Bond Brief Description” clearly demonstrates that the T-TPLF had substantial knowledge of the legal requirements in offering to sell unregistered bonds.  Did the T-TPLF knowingly, deliberately and intentionally sell unregistered securities in the U.S. with the intent to defraud? Are the T-TPLF so clueless and so ignorant that they had no idea that selling bonds is the same as selling used clothes at a flea market? Did the T-TPLF avoid the mandatory registration process of its bond offering or seek exemption because 1) it intended to defraud Ethiopian Diaspora investors, 2) conceal information on the bond that would show that the bond offering is a fraud and a scam, 3) did not want to make its fraudulent prospectus available for public scrutiny.

Questions Set #3:

In December 2014, the T-TPLF marketed  a 10-year Eurobond which allegedly raised $1 billion to fund electricity, railway and sugar-industry projects. “The 10-year bonds priced to yield 6.625 percent, at the lower end of the 6.625 to 6.75.”

The Renaissance Dam 5-10 bonds offered to Diaspora Ethiopians in the U.S. had LIBOR (London Interbank Offered Rate) of 1.25% (for a 5-year maturity date) to 2.0% (for an 8-10 year maturity date).

Why were Diaspora Ethiopians offered the short end of the stick?

Questions Set #4:

Under sec. 20 (b) of the   “Securities Act of 1933”,  the SEC “may transmit evidence of violation of the provisions of [the Securities Act] or of any rule or regulation prescribed under authority thereof  to the Attorney General who may, in his discretion, institute the necessary criminal proceedings under this title.”

The SEC had an open-and-shut case, a slam dunk, against the T-TPLF.  The SEC order suggests there is ample evidence the T-TPLF acting through its electric power agency and embassy engaged in wire fraud, mail fraud and money laundering. Why didn’t the SEC refer the matter to the Justice Department for criminal prosecution?

It is clear from the SEC Order that the “Ethiopian  Embassy” facilitated and made possible the sale of unregistered bonds by making such bonds purchasable online through its website, sponsoring events and other activities? Did the T-TPLF use its “Embassy” to commit bond fraud with knowledge that the “Embassy” personnel involved in the fraud are protected by diplomatic immunity?

Why didn’t the SEC refer the names of those officials at the “Ethiopian Embassy” to the Justice Department for prosecution for among other charges, conspiracy to sell unregistered, conspiracy to sell fictitious instrument, conspiracy to transport a fictitious instrument, attempting to sell and selling a fictitious instrument and transporting a fictitious instrument in interstate commerce?

Why didn’t the SEC transmit the evidence of criminal wrongdoing  in this case to the Attorney General for prosecution given the flagrant 4-year pattern and practice of  violation of the Securities Act by the T-TPLF, its embassy and other agencies under its control, supervision and guidance?

Is the SEC Order, a form of “plea bargain” offered to the T-TPLF to avoid criminal prosecution? In other words, did the T-TPLF readily agree to pay 6.5 million to avoid criminal prosecution and to avoid imprisonment of its Embassy officials, EPP personnel and others?

Why did the SEC order makes an implied finding of fraud instead of an express finding since there is ample and demonstrable evidence that the T-TPLF engaged in a 4-year scam aimed at defrauding Diaspora Ethiopians in the U.S.?

Questions Set 5#:

The SEC Order acknowledges  that the SEC “appreciates the assistance of the U.S. Department of State.” Exactly what kinds of “assistance” did the State Department provide to the SEC? Did the State Department participate in the negotiations between the “Government of Ethiopia” and the SEC? Did the State Department facilitate a deal between the “Government of Ethiopia” and the SEC? Did the State Department use political pressure to prevent criminal prosecution of T-TPLF agents?

Questions Set 6#:

Under the Securities Act, the SEC may not bring actions on behalf of individual investors, but the Securities Act allows individual investors to bring civil actions under several provisions:

What are the rights of Diaspora Ethiopian investors and bondholders  under section 11 of the Act victimized by the T-TPLF unregistered bond scam?

What are the rights of Diaspora Ethiopian investors and bondholders  under sections 5 and 12(a)(1) which allow purchasers to sue sellers for offering or selling a non-exempt security without registering it?

What are the rights of Diaspora Ethiopian investors and bondholders under section 15 which helps investors by making “control persons,” or persons who “control” defendants liable under Sections 11 and 12 by owning stock or under agency principals, jointly and severally liable?

What are the rights of Diaspora Ethiopian investors and bondholders  under section 17(a) which provides for liability for fraudulent sales of securities? Or under section 10b of the Securities Exchange Act and Rule 10b-5 (principal provisions against fraud)?

Questions Set 7#:

Is the sale of unregistered bonds the tip of the iceberg in T-TPLF crimes in the U.S.? What other crimes have been committed and continue to be committed by the T-TPLF in the U.S. against American citizens or laws?

In 2014, an American citizen known as “Mr. Kidane” (pseudonym used to protect his identity) sued the “Ethiopian Government” person “for infecting his computer with secret spyware, wiretapping his private Skype calls, and monitoring his entire family’s every use of the computer for a period of months.”

Is the T-TPLF secretly still conducting illegal wiretapping in violation of U.S. laws and the U.S. Constitution?

Questions Set 8#:

What legal recourse do states in which the T-TPLF sold unregistered bonds have in terms of holding the T-TPLF accountable?

For instance, under California Corporations Code sections 25110-25118, 25540 set strict guidelines for any securities sold in that state. Any person or entity who willfully sells or transports unregistered securities through interstate commerce or buys such securities could face serious criminal liabilities under California Corporations Code section 25540, subd. (a) with penalties of incarceration for up to three years and a fine up to $1 million.

Is the T-TPLF legally accountable under California state law, independent of its settlement with the SEC, for violations of the above-referenced sections of the Corporations Code?

Questions Set 9#:

Who can Ethiopian Diaspora investors and Dam bondholders call to get more information on the T-TPLF scam?

Investors seeking more information should contact the administrator of the distribution, Gilardi & Co. LLC, at 844-851-4591.

Questions Set 10#:

Given the scope and magnitude of the T-TPLF bond fraud in the U.S., is a Congressional investigation warranted?

What evidence does the SEC have that it has not publicly disclosed concerning the T-TPLF fraud?

 Is the SEC Order the final chapter in the case?

The SEC Order is not the end of the T-TPLF  fraud and crime spree investigation in the U.S.

It is just the beginning!

 

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Reports Eritrea Army Attack Ethiopia; Large-scale Ground Attack Reported by INT Assets

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Unverified SOCMINT and OSINT intelligence reports show Eritrean army has conducted a large scale ground attack against the Ethiopian National Defense Forces (ENDF).

No official statement have been issued by either Ethiopia or the Eritrean Ministry of Defense.

If verified, it’s likely Ethiopia will retaliate through both mobilization of military resources and heavy deployment of the resources at the affected area.

An escalation is likely with Ethiopia conducting counter strikes against Eritrean military positions.

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በትግራይ የቀበሌ አስተዳዳሪዎች ለእርዳታ የተላከውን እህል ለማዳበርያ ክፍያ እየሸጡት ነው ሲሉ የአከባቢው ነዋሪዎች ይከሳሉ

አቶ ገብረእግዝአብሔር ወልደገብርኤል የራያ አላማጣ ዋና አስተዳዳሪ

የወረዳው ዋና አስተዳዳሪ በበኩላቸው መረጃው እንደደረሳቸው ገልፀው፤የገጠር አስተዳዳሪዎችን ጠይቀው ድርጊቱ አለመፈፀማቸውን እንደነገርዋቸው ገልፀዋል።

በትግራይ ክልል በራያ አላማጣ ወረዳ የገጠር ቀበሌ አስተዳዳሪዎች ለእርዳታ የተላከውን እህል ለማዳበርያ ክፍያ እንዲውል በጨረታ እየሸጡት ነው ሲሉ ያከባቢው ነዋሪዎች ይከሳሉ።

የወረዳው ዋና አስተዳዳሪ አቶ ገብረእግዝአብሔር ወልደገብርኤል የወረዳው ዋና አስተዳዳሪ በበኩላቸው መረጃው እንደደረሳቸው ገልፀው፤የገጠር አስተዳዳሪዎችን ጠይቀው ድርጊቱ አለመፈፀማቸውን እንደነገርዋቸው ገልፀዋል።

ቢሆንም ግን አሁንም ከናንተ ያገኘነውን መረጃ መሰረት በማድረግ ህብረተሰቡን በመጠየቅ መጣራት ያለበት ነገር ካለ እናጣራለን፤ ድርጊቱን የፈፀመ ካለም ህጋዊ እርምጃ እንወስድበታለን ብለዋል።

ዘጋብያችን ግርማይ ገብሩ ወደ አከባቢው በመሄድ ጥቆማውን ያቀረቡትንና የወረዳው ዋና አስተዳዳሪ ጠይቆ የሚከተለውን ልዩ ዘገባ ልኳል።

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Ethiopia children still missing after cross-border raid

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Villagers ask who was responsible for attacks that left 208 people dead and many children still missing.

by Charles Stratford

Dozens of children are still missing after a cross-border raid on villages in the Gambela region of western Ethiopia by South Sudanese tribesmen.

Attackers from South Sudan’s Merle tribe killed 208 Ethiopian villagers, abducted 133 children and stole more than 1,000 cattle last month.

“Many of those who were killed and the children who were taken were trying to escape,” one of the surviving villagers, Chawel Chan, told Al Jazeera. “They were running across the fields.”

Around 50 of the children have been released after negotiations with the tribesmen by the South Sudanese government but securing the release of the others is proving difficult.


The Ethiopian government has already conducted a cross-border military operation to free the remaining children. The government officials said they may conduct further military operations if the abducted children are not released.

Ten-year-old Gache Debol was trying to rescue his younger sister when he was taken. His sister is still missing.

“I thought they were going to kill me,” he told Al Jazeera. “I tried to escape a few times but they caught me and they beat me. I thought I would never see my family again.”

Attackers in military uniform

Villagers are still asking exactly who was responsible for the attacks, carried out by about 2,000 armed men.

The Merle tribesmen are feared for their cattle raids against other tribes in the area.

But the Ethiopian government said this time the attackers from the tribe were wearing South Sudanese military uniforms and carrying what looked like new AK-47 rifles.

The South Sudanese government has denied any responsibility and is working with Ethiopia to rescue the dozens of children still missing.

Source: Al Jazeera

 

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State Terrorism and “Computer Crimes” in Ethiopia – by Alemayehu G Mariam

Smoke and mirrors: The T-TPLF replacing its “anti-terrorism law” with a “computer crimes law”?

The Thugtatorship of the Tigrean People’s Liberation Front (T-TPLF) is getting hammered left and right and upside the head on its so-called antiterrorism law (“Anti-Terrorism Proclamation No. 652/2009”.)

Now, T-TPLF’s strategists have come up with a new trick to fool everybody: Slowly phase out the “anti-terrorism law” and replace it with what they hope will be a less contentious and innocent sounding garden variety penal “law” dealing “computer crimes”.

The T-TPLF thinks that if they continue to chase and hound Ethiopian journalists, bloggers, dissidents and their other opponents as computer criminals instead of terrorists, their donors and loaners and the international human rights organizations will go easy on them.

Imagine how much better it sounds for the T-TPLF to say they are prosecuting journalists, bloggers, dissidents, opposition leaders, human rights advocates, civic society leaders as “computer criminals” instead of terrorists. Imagine the international public relations payoff for the T-TPLF to be accused of prosecuting individuals for computer fraud and hacking than to be condemned for using a bogus anti-terrorism law.

My suspicion is that once the “computer crimes law” is in effect, the T-TPLF plans to quietly phase out its anti-terrorism law, for which it is getting universal condemnation.

It never ceases to amaze me. The TPLF thugs think they are so smart that they can fool all of the people all of the time.

Get this T-TPLF! It is true that “A rose by any other name would smell as sweet.” But a “computer crimes law” that smells like an “anti-terrorism law” stinks to high heaven.

T-TPLF, you ain’t foolin’ nobody. We got you pegged!

The fact of the matter is that the T-TPLF has lost ALL credibility with its “anti-terrorism law”.

Every major international human rights organization and donor and loaner has condemned the T-TPLF’s “anti-terrorism law”.

U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry demanded the T-TPLF stop using its “anti-terrorism law” to crush democratic dissent. A State department spokesperson publicly stated, “We reiterate Secretary Kerry’s May 1 [2014] call on Ethiopia to refrain from using anti-terrorism laws as a mechanism to curb the free exchange of ideas. The use of the Anti-Terrorism Proclamation in previous cases against journalists, activists, and opposition political figures raises serious questions and concerns about the intent of the law, and about the sanctity of Ethiopians’ constitutionally guaranteed rights to freedom of the press and freedom of expression.”

The White House issued a statement, “urg[ing] the Ethiopian Government to release journalists and all others imprisoned for exercising their right to free expression, to refrain from using its Anti-Terrorism Proclamation as a mechanism to silence dissent, and to protect the rights of journalists, bloggers, and dissidents to write and speak freely as voices of a diverse nation.”

The European Parliament passed a resolution condemning the T-TPLF’s “anti-terrorism law”: “The Anti-Terrorism Proclamation (Law no. 652/2009), adopted in 2009, contains a definition of terrorism that is broad and vague and has been used to target Human rights defenders, journalists and the political opposition, encouraging self-censorship, as it foresees imprisonment for up to 20 years for the publication of statements considered to encourage acts of terrorism; whereas it also provides the government with additional power to conduct online surveillance, and imposes sharp restrictions on freedom of expression and freedom of assembly.”

United Nations human rights experts (U.N. Special Rapporteurs) have condemned the T-TPLF’s use of its “anti-terrorism law”. The Special Rapporteurs condemned the ongoing use of anti-terrorism laws to curb a broad range of freedoms in Ethiopia. Ben Emmerson, the U.N. Special Rapporteur on counter-terrorism and human rights said that “the anti-terrorism provisions should not be abused and need to be clearly defined in Ethiopian criminal law to ensure that they do not go counter to internationally guaranteed human rights.”

U.N. Special Rapporteur Frank La Rue said, “Journalists play a crucial role in promoting accountability of public officials by investigating and informing the public about human rights violations. They should not face criminal proceedings for carrying out their legitimate work, let alone be severely punished.”

U.N. Special Rapporteur Margaret Sekaggya said, “journalists, bloggers and others advocating for increased respect for human rights should not be subject to pressure for the mere fact that their views are not in alignment with those of the Government [of Ethiopia].”

U.N. Special Rapporteur Maina Kiai said “The resort to anti-terrorism legislation is one of the many obstacles faced by associations today in Ethiopia. The Government must ensure protection across all areas involving the work of associations, especially in relation to human rights issues.”

Human Rights Watch (HRW) condemned the T-TPLF “anti-terrorism law” from the time it was in draft form in 2009. HRW said the “law” “contained numerous provisions that fundamentally contravened human rights guaranteed by Ethiopia’s constitution and international law.”

The Committee to Protect Journalists also condemned the T-TPLF “law” because it “criminalizes any reporting authorities deem to ‘encourage’ or ‘provide moral support’ to groups and causes the government labels as ‘terrorists.’”

Freedom House concluded, “Journalists reporting on opposition activities face serious harassment and the threat of prosecution under Ethiopia’s sweeping 2009 Antiterrorism Proclamation.”

I called the T-TPLF’s “anti-terrorism sim law” state terrorism.

Law and diktat in the TPLF thugocracy/thugtatorship

Whenever I read or hear someone talking about a T-TPLF “law”, I either laugh or shake my head in quiet disbelief at the ignorance of those who call T-TPLF’s “laws”, laws.

Thugs know as much about the law as heathen know about Scripture.

The benighted leaders and followers of the T-TPLF can only issue diktats, never law.

What are diktats?

Simply stated “diktats” are the law of the jungle; or in T-TPLF’s case, the law of the bush.

When the T-TPLF leaders in the bush (and before they put on fancy designer suits), they dealt with each other with diktats.

The few at the top would dream up stuff and tell everyone it is the “law”. (I did not say dream up stuff while they are high on khat (ch-at).)

Shakespeare’s Hamlet asked, “What, art a heathen? How dost thou understand the Scripture?”

I ask, “Thugs! How dost thugs understand the law?”

The same people who talk about T-TPLF “laws” also talk about T-TPLF “elections” and “courts”. I believe the least these people could do is spell the words correctly, “elektions” as in rigged and “kourts” as in monkey.

Everyone knows that the T-TPLF is a certified terrorist organization listed on the Global Terrorism Database.

Terrorists and thugs in a three-piece Armani suit are like the pig in lipstick. At the end of the day, both the pig and the terrorists/thugs are who they are.

I have explained in previous commentaries the differences between the rule of law, rule by law, rule by unjust law and rule of men (diktat).

The T-TPLF and their ilk all over Africa rule by diktat (decrees pulled out of the back pockets) which they try to palm off as “laws”.

Thugtators scribble down their ignorant diktats, send it over to a parliament of ignoramuses and have it rubber stamped as “law” or “proclamation”. They use the diktat to play policeman, prosecutor, judge, jury and executioner. Under rule by diktat, dictators use the “law” as a bludgeon — a sledgehammer — to vanquish their opposition. For the T-TPLF, the “law” is a sledgehammer to crush dissidents, jail journalists, harass, intimidate and persecute opposition political leaders and maintain itself in power by using the “law” as an instrument of terror.

That is what the T-TPLF does with its “laws”. That is what the T-TPLF has done in its draft “computer crimes law”.

After the late thugmaster Meles Zenawi wrote his “anti-terrorism law” (diktat), he told his rubber stamp parliament:

In drafting our anti-terrorism law, we copied word-for-word the very best anti-terrorism laws in the world. We took from America, England and the European model anti-terrorism laws. It is from these three sources that we have drafted our anti-terrorism law. From these, we have chosen the better ones. For instance, in all of these laws, an organization is deemed to be terrorist by the executive branch. We improved it by saying it is not good for the executive to make that determination. We took the definition of terrorism word-by-word. Not one word was changed. Not even a comma. It is taken word-by-word. There is a reason why we took it word-by-word. First, these people have experience in democratic governance. Because they have experience, there is no shame if we learn or take from them. Learning from a good teacher is useful not harmful. Nothing embarrassing about it. The [antiterrorism] proclamation in every respect is flawless. It is better than the best anti-terrorism laws [in the world]but not less than any one of them in any way…
Only a pathetic ignoramus would copy “word-by-word, without changing one word, not even a comma” and call it a “flawless law. Thus spoke the great visionary leader of the T-TPLF!

Here is a simple question: Do the Americans, the English and the Europeans whose anti-terrorism law Meles “copied word for word” without even missing a “comma” jail journalists, bloggers and dissidents?

The T-TPLF’s “computer crimes law”

First, is a “computer crimes law” even necessary in a country where computer ownership and internet access are so negligible? Put differently, in order for criminals to commit a “computer crime”, they need computers and internet access.

The T-TPLF owns Ethio Telecom that has a monopoly over telecommunications in the country.

According to Internet World Stats, an organization that tracks internet usage data, “Only 3.7 percent of Ethiopians have access to the internet.” In contrast, “South Sudan, [which became a country in July 2011] which lacks most basic government services, has an internet penetration rate of 15.9 percent.”

According to World Bank data, internet users per 100 people in Ethiopia between 2011-2015 was 2.9.

Second, who is really committing computer crimes in and outside Ethiopia?

The T-TPLF has converted the internet into a weapon of surveillance and intimidation against its opponents.

The T-TPLF criminals who “have been working with several European tech companies to expand its surveillance powers in the past few years, potentially with the goal of improving its capabilities to monitor its own citizens.”

The T-TPLF criminals have been using spyware to monitor U.S.-based journalists in violation of U.S. law.

In 2014, the T-TPLF was sued in U.S. federal court for illegally spying on an American citizen in the United States using FinSpy surveillance software in violation of the Electronic Privacy Communications Act. (To read about the shocking computer crimes of the T-TPLF, click HERE.)

According to Motherboard, a leading technology online magazine, “It’s clear that the government of Ethiopia is one of the most aggressive purchasers of surveillance technology out there. They are building mass surveillance capabilities to monitor everyone in country, and using hacking tools to spy on dissidents and journalists at home and abroad.”

Third, is the T-TPLF’s “computer crimes law” another mindless cut-and-paste, copycat job?

From whom did the T-TPLF scarf its “computer crimes law” this time around?

The Chinese? The “flawless” Chinese “cyber-crimes law”?

The stench of the “Criminal Law of the People’s Republic of China” (articles 285, 286 and 287) is palpable in the T-TPLF’s “computer crimes law”. These and related articles in the Chinese criminal law deal with illegal accessing and obtaining computer data, illegal control of computer systems, illegal use of software for access, control or to damage computer systems.

I believe the T-TPLF plagiarized (cannibalized) its “computer crimes law” from various Chinese internet laws, administrative regulations and guidelines.

(Is there a single creative policy measure the T-TPLF has initiated on its own without copycatting and cutting-and-pasting someone else?)

Here is the BIG question: Does the T-TPLF need new “laws” to combat “computer crimes” when the T-TPLF has choked off internet services and tightly controls access to online information?

The T-TPLF already has sufficient provisions in its “Criminal Code” to deal with “computer crimes”.

Article 706 of the T-TPLF “Criminal Code” prohibits “access, taking or using computer services without authorization.” Article 707 metes out punishment for “causing damage to data”. Article 708 prohibits “disruption of computer and services by an authorized user.” Article 709 punishes anyone who “facilitates the commission of computer crimes.” (Hey! That sounds just like the Chinese computer crimes law!)

The bottom line on the T-TPLF “computer crimes law”

Here is the bottom line on the T-TPLF “computer crimes law. The draft T-TPLF “law” creates:

an internet police force to troll social media and other sites to catch T-TPLF critics.

internet detectives to catch T-TPLF online critics.

a process for T-TPLF monkey courts to railroad those accused of “computer crimes”.

a system of self-censorship for internet users and those who have computers.

a climate of fear for young people using social media and reinforces the closed political space by closing access to cyberspace.

a system for the prosecution of cyber-dissidents.

a crime out of simple civil defamation causes of action.

significant restrictions on anti-T-TPLF dissidents.

criminal liability for internet café and other access providers for the alleged crimes of anyone who uses their services.

criminal liability for the use of mass emails that are against T-TPLF rule.

The elements of the T-TPLF’s “computer crimes law”

The draft T-TPLF “Computer Crime Proclamation No. —/2016” is intended to replace Proclamation No. 761/2012. It is actually a clever cover to reinvent the 2009 “anti-terrorism law.” It is the same old vinegary wine in a new bottle. The T-TPLF thinks by changing their tune and dressing up their barbaric “anti-terrorism law” as a kinder and gentler “computer crime law”, they could hoodwink everyone. Not a chance! As I have told the T-TPLF a thousand times before, you can put lipstick on a pig, but at the end of the day it is still a pig. So is a thug in a designer suit. The difference between the T-TPLF’s “computer crime law” and “anti-terrorism law” is the difference between Tweedle Dee and Tweedle Dum.

The “Computer Crime Proclamation No. —/2016” has two major sections.

The T-TPLF has frontloaded the “proclamation” with a whole bunch of garden variety “computer crimes” to distract the reader from its real objectives, namely use the “law” to punish, intimidate, harass and jail those who use computers and the internet to express dissent.

Garden variety computer crimes

The first section of the draft “law” is the cover, the smoke and mirrors. But stripped of its diversionary legalese (that is to make it look like a real computer crimes law) about the “vital role of communication technology in the economic, social and political development of the country” and other such gibberish, the aims of the T-TPLF “computer crimes law” are starkly evident.

The first part of the “law” deals with what appear to be garden variety crimes committed using the internet and computer software. These include:

Illegal access to the whole or any part of computer system, computer data or network.

Illegal interception of non-public computer data or data processing service.

Interference with computer system to interfere in the proper functioning of computer systems.

Causing damage to computer data by any means and rendering it useless.

Criminal acts related to usage of computer devices and data.

Forgery and falsification of computer data for illegal benefits or economic loss.

Electronic identity theft caused by illegal acquisition, possession or distribution of information using a computer.

Dissemination of obscene or indecent materials involving minors.

Crimes against liberty and reputation of persons by online intimidation and threats.

“Crimes against Public Security”

It is in the “computer crimes” against “public security” section of the “law” that the T-TPLF bares its dingy teeth.

In that section are the following provisions:

Whosoever intentionally disseminates through a computer system any written, video, audio or any other picture that incites fear, violence, chaos or conflict among people shall be punishable with rigorous imprisonment not exceeding three years. (Translation: Use of the internet and use of computers on the internet for such things as social media, etc. is a crime of inciting fear, violence, chaos and conflict among the people.)

A service provider shall be criminally liable for any illegal computer content data disseminated through its computer systems by third parties. (Translation: If you are an internet café, hotel and other internet access provider, shut down your internet operation and find another line of work, like spying for the T-TPLF.)

The public prosecutor and police shall have joint power to investigate criminal acts provided for in this Proclamation. And the public prosecutor shall lead the investigation process. (Translation: Unlike any other crimes committed in the land, in computer crimes, the public prosecutor is required to lead the investigation. (By the way, that is exactly what the “public prosecutor” does in “terrorism” cases (I mean, of public prosecutors who can read and write instead of sign criminal charges with their thumbprints.)

Any service provider shall retain the computer data disseminated through its computer systems or data relating to data processing or communication service for at least one year. (Translation: Internet cafes, hotels and other internet access provides shall serve as record keepers for the T-TPLF.)

*** I don’t get it! The T-TPLF owns Ethio Telecom as a monopoly. Ethio Telecom is the only internet service provider in the country. Ethio Telecom has all the servers for the internet service it provides. Do the T-TPLF ignoramuses know that internet cafes, hotels and other facilities providing internet access maintain no servers to retain computer data? Do the T-TPLF ignoramuses know that information accessed on Facebook and other social media is stored in proprietary servers outside Ethiopia? For crying out loud, what the hell is wrong with these people!?***

The Minister may give permission to the investigatory organ to conduct interception or surveillance without court warrant. (Translation: A T-TPLF minister can override the order of any court at any time and authorize illegal searches and seizures of computers and persons suspected of involvement in “computer crimes”.) order

Any service provider who has knowledge of the commission of the crimes or dissemination of any illegal content data by third parties through the computer system shall immediately notify the Agency. (Translation: Internet cafes, hotels and other access providers shall serve as government informants.)

Where the investigatory organ reasonably believes that the computer data sought is stored in another computer system, the search or access may be extended to that other computer system without requesting separate search warrant. (Translation: Any computer suspected of having any connection with a suspect computer is subject to search and seizure without a court order.)

Computer crimes as state terrorism

The aim of the draft T-TPLF “computer crimes law” is the same as the T-TPLF’s “anti-terrorism law”: hunt down and jail journalists, bloggers, political activists and others by cracking down on their use of the internet to express dissent.

The aim of the draft T-TPLF “computer crimes law” is to criminalize the expression of dissent by shutting down both the political space and cyberspace.

The aim of the draft T-TPLF “computer crimes law” is to terrorize those who use social media to express themselves.

The aim of the draft T-TPLF “computer crimes law” is to criminalize human rights, human rights advocacy and human rights defense.

Today, there are thousands of Ethiopians in T-TPLF secret and official prisons who have been jailed for expressing their dissent online and off. Eskinder Nega, the Zone Nine bloggers and other journalists have been jailed for using their computer keyboards to express themselves.

Yonatan Tesfaye, the spokesperson for Blue Party, has been in detention for posting on Facebook

As the T-TPLF points its legal index finger on journalists, bloggers and dissidents as “computer” and “cyber-criminals”, it should be mindful that three fingers are pointing firmly at it.

T-TPLF’s desperate efforts to close the political space and cyberspace

I have been following the T-TPLF’s efforts to use the internet as a weapon of dissent suppression.

In June 2012, I wrote a commentary on the T-TPLF’s efforts to choke off Skype.

In that commentary, I also reviewed the T-TPLF’s “Proclamation on Telecom Fraud Offences” (PTFO) 2012.

I have wasted way too many hours studying and analyzing T-TPLF’s mindless laws. I invite my readers to read my previous commentaries on these topics.

Suffice it to say that when it comes to con artists, scammers, swindlers, fraudsters and computer criminals, the T-TPLF is second to none!

Talking about scammers and such, do you remember that in 2008 “USD$16 million dollars” worth of gold bars simply walked out of the bank in Addis Ababa in broad daylight never to be seen again?

Do you remember the time in 2011 when 10,000 tons of coffee earmarked for exports simply vanished from the warehouses and Meles Zenawi called a meeting of commodities traders and threatened to “cut off their hands” if they steal coffee in the future. In a videotaped statement, Meles told the traders he will forgive them this time because “we all have our hands in the disappearance of the coffee”.

Do you remember in 2011 Global Financial Integrity documented that US$11.7 billion walked out of Ethiopia never to return?

Here is the deal: Now, do you want to talk about real criminals or make-believe computer criminals?

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የኢትዮጵያ የ12ኛ ክፍል ፈተና ተሰርቆ በኢንተርኔት ተሰራጨ

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በኢትዮጵያ የከፍተኛ ትምህርት ተቋም መግቢያ የ12ኛ ክፍል ፈተና ዛሬ ሰኞ እንደሚካሄድ ቀነ ቀጠሮ ተይዞለት የነበረ ሲሆን ሆኖም ግን ፈተናው ተሰርቆ ቀድሞ በኢንተርኔት መሰራጨቱ ታወቀ::

በDropbox አማካኝነት እንዲሁም በፌስቡክ እና በሌሎች ሶሻል ሚድያዎች ፈተናው ተሰራጭቶ የሚገኝ ሲሆን መንግስት ግን ምንም ዓይነት ፈተና አልተሰረቀም ሲል በሚያዛቸው ሚዲያዎቹ አውጇል::
የኢትዮጵያ ቴሌቭዥን “የከፍተኛ ትምህርት ተቋም መግቢያ የ12ኛ ክፍል ፈተና ነገ ሰኞ ግንቦት 22 ቀን 2008 ዓ.ም ይሰጣል ፡፡ ይሁንና ፈተና ተሰርቋልና ሌሎች መሰል አሉባልታዎች እየተናፈሱ መሆናቸው ተደርሶበታል፡፡ ነገር ግን የተሰረቀ ፈተና እንደሌለ፣ እንዲሁም በፈተና ዝግጅትና ስርጭት ላይ ምንም ዓይነት ችግር የሌለ በመሆኑ የ12ኛ ክፍል መልቀቂያ ፈተና ተፈታኞች በአሉባልታ ሳይረበሹ ተረጋግተው ፈተናቸውን እንዲወስዱ የትምህርት ሚኒስቴር አስታውቋል፡፡” ሲል ለማሰባበል የዘገበ ቢሆንም አብዛኛው የትምህርት ዓይነቶች ፈተናዎች ከነመልሶቻቸው በሶሻል ሚዲያዎች ተለቀዋል::

በተለይም ፈተናው የተሰራጨበት የDropbox ሊንክ በከፍተኛ ትራፊክ (ጎብኚዎች) መጨናነቅ ምክንያት ለጊዜው መታገዱ ቢገለጽም ብዙዎች ፈተናዎቹን ከነመልሱ በሶሻል ሚዲያዎች ማሰራጨታቸውን ቀጥለዋል:: ለጊዜው ፈተናውን ለማየት Dropbox ሲገቡ የሚከተለውን ያሳያል::

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